Friday, August 21, 2020

The Problem and Its Settings Free Essays

Section I: The Problem and its Settings â€Å"You do anything sufficiently long to get away from the propensity for living until the break turns into the propensity. † ~ David Ryan Introduction Internet and web based game habit, here and there alluded to as the internet dependence or online compulsion, can show itself from numerous points of view in today’s adolescents. On the off chance that your girl/child/sister/sibling simply spent a whole lovely end of the week refreshing his/her page on Facebook, playing web based games on Y8, playing Vice City, doing combating on WarCraft previous an excursion with the family to a carnival or shopping center, he/she might be giving indications of fixation. We will compose a custom article test on The Problem and Its Settings or on the other hand any comparable theme just for you Request Now The Internet is a tempting spot, particularly for today’s connected in teenagers who are unmistakably bound to add spray painting to their friend’s Facebook divider than they are to really jump on their bike and ride over to that equivalent friend’s house. You need to let it be known would be a test to associate eye to eye with somebody you’ve never met face to face and who lives in an alternate time zone. In that lies the issue. The Internet is ideal for youngsters. Today’s person to person communication destinations like Facebook and Twitter let them speak to themselves as whomever, or anything, they desire. Everything is altered by them, picked explicitly to introduce the face they need the world to see. What's more, on the off chance that they choose to change that face, at that point they simply erase a few pictures, include some new companions, and presto! †new individual! Specialists state that upwards of 10 percent of Internet clients might be viewed as dependent, albeit some emotional wellness experts shrug off utilizing that term from a clinical perspective. They contend that a movement must be addictive when it causes a particular kind of substance response in the mind, and that’s difficult to decide. Be that as it may, when you’re contending with a youngster about the measure of time she’s spending on the web and she just can’t complete her paper since her Instant Messenger continues cautioning her something new and energizing is going on with her closest companion, at that point call it what you like, it’s an issue †for you, the kid, and the whole family. Numerous guardians feel torn, however, about constraining their children’s time on the PC. In the event that a high schooler is battling socially, a few guardians accept any human connection, even through the PC, is desirable over none. Furthermore, with youngsters that are daring people or have sketchy preference for companions, a few guardians feel they can more readily screen and protect their kids by letting them remain at home, downloading music records and making tests for their Web pages. What's more, numerous guardians simply need to keep away from the fits of rage, the brush off, or the contentions that flare at whatever point the issue of PC opportunity the executives comes up. Foundation of the Study Internet is a worldwide arrangement of interconnected PC organizes that utilization the standard Internet convention suite (TCP/IP) to serve billions of clients around the world. It is a system of systems that comprises of a great many private, open, scholarly, business, and government systems, of nearby to worldwide degree, that are connected by a wide exhibit of electronic, remote and optical systems administration innovations. The Internet conveys a huge scope of data assets and administrations, for example, the between connected hypertext records of the World Wide Web (WWW) and the framework to help email. Web based game, a game played over some structure ofâ computer organize. This quite often implies the Internet or identical innovation, however games have constantly utilized whatever innovation was current:â modemsâ before the Internet, and hard wiredterminalsâ before modems. The development of web based gaming has mirrored the general extension of PC systems from little nearby systems to the Internet and the development of Internet get to itself. Internet games can go from straightforward content based games to games consolidating complex designs and virtual universes populated by numerous players at the same time. Numerous web based games have associatedâ online networks, making web based games a type of social action past single player games. The rising ubiquity of Flash and Java led to an Internet unrest where sites could use gushing video, sound, and a totally different arrangement of client intuitiveness. When Microsoft started packaging Flash as a pre-introduced segment of IE, the Internet started to move from an information/data range to likewise offer on-request amusement. This upset made ready for destinations to offer games to web surfers. Some online multiplayer games like World of Warcraft, Final Fantasy XI and Lineage II charge a month to month charge to buy in to their administrations, while games such as Guild Warsâ offer an option no month to month expense plot. Numerous different destinations depended on publicizing incomes from on location supports, while others, like RuneScape, or Tibia let individuals play for nothing while at the same time leaving the players the alternative of paying, opening new substance for the individuals. Enslavement, can likewise be seen as a proceeded with contribution with a substance or action regardless of the negative outcomes related with it. Delight, pleasure or alleviation from real or saw diseases would have initially been looked for; in any case, over some stretch of time association with the substance or movement is expected to feel ordinary. Some brain research experts and numerous laypeople now mean ‘addiction’ to remember strange mental reliance for such things as betting, computer games, food, sex, sex entertainment, PCs, web, work, work out, adrenaline, loving, staring at the TV or specific sorts of non-explicit recordings, otherworldly fixation, self-injury and shopping. The American Society of Addiction Medicineâ begins their meaning of enslavement by depicting it as â€Å"a essential, incessant illness of cerebrum reward, inspiration, memory and related hardware. Explanation of the Problem Step by step instructions to refer to The Problem and Its Settings, Papers

Sunday, July 12, 2020

The other side

The other side A father was reading a magazine and his little daughter every now and then distracted him.Trying to keep her busy, he tore out one page on which was printed the map of the world. He then tore the page into pieces and asked her to go to her room and put them together to make the map again.He was sure she would take the whole day to get it done. But the little one came back within minutes with the perfect map When he asked how she could do it so quickly, she said, Oh Dad, there is a mans face on the other side of the paper I made the face perfect to get the map right. She ran outside to play leaving the father surprised.Reflection:There is always the other side to whatever you experience in this world. This story indirectly teaches a lesson. i.e. whenever we come across a challenge or a puzzling situation, look at the other side You will be surprised to see an easy way to tackle the problem.Author Unknown Story was submitted by Madhukar

Wednesday, May 20, 2020

`` On Teenagers And Tattoos `` By Andres Martin Essay

Teenagers are rebellious by nature, as adolescence adventures down the road of self-identity. Teens are often viewed as the miscreants or vandals that plague the streets with their toxicity and obscene tendencies, and although aggravating, proves vital for increased maturity in future endeavors. However, teens can make decisions that last a lifetime, for example, tattoos. Tattoos are fairly controversial at younger ages, but are growing more and more popular amongst adolescents with the introduction and glorification of such body art by varying media, such as celebrities. Teenagers are exploring the realm of body modifications at ever increasing rate, but contradictory to common opinion, tattoos are a great candidate for an emotional catalyst, source of stability in a time of need, or reminders of time long far gone. â€Å"On Teenagers and Tattoos† is an informational article, written by Andres Martin, which discusses the reasons and psychology behind the rising popularity of tattoos amongst adolescents. Martin (2000) starts by identifying the simple reason of causation concerning the spike, stating that â€Å"tattoos and piercing can offer a concrete and readily available solution for many of the identity crises and conflicts normative to adolescent development† (p.143). Martin then details the strenuous nature of adolescence, and shows that tattoos have more of a symbolic meaning than just a skull, and provides 2 examples of such cases. Afterward, Martin explains in further detail,Show MoreRelatedDefinition Essay on the Term Identity1154 Words   |  5 Pagesdirectly involved with the meaning of a person’s identity. There are specific and important factors such as: social class, culture, family and society. In essays such as, â€Å"Some Lessons from the Assembly Line† by Andrew Braaksma, â€Å"On Teens amp; Tattoos† by Andres Martin and â€Å"Stuff is not Salvation† by Anna Quindlen each tell stories of identity. The authors, if asked, could define identity as a number of external factors that under given circumstances would shape a person’s character and identity. The authorsRead MoreStephen P. Robbins Timothy A. Judge (2011) Organizational Behaviour 15th Edition New Jersey: Prentice Hall393164 Words   |  1573 PagesGroups 58 †¢ Effective Diversity Programs 58 Summary and Implications for Managers 60 S A L Self-Assessment Library What’s My Attitude Toward Older People? 40 Myth or Science? â€Å"Dual-Career Couples Divorce Less† 47 An Ethical Choice Religious Tattoos 51 glOBalization! Images of Diversity from Around the Globe 54 Point/Counterpoint Men Have More Mathematical Ability Than Women 61 Questions for Review 62 Experiential Exercise Feeling Excluded 62 Ethical Dilemma Board Quotas 62 Case Incident 1 The

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Reproductive Freedom And Its Impact On Women s Rights

Faye Wattleton, world renowned author of women’s reproductive rights once said, â€Å"Reproductive freedom is critical to a whole range of issues. If we can’t take charge of this most personal aspect of our lives, we can’t take care of anything. It should not be seen as a privilege or as a benefit, but a fundamental human right.† In many traditional societies around the world, women’s rights regarding their own reproductive choices may seem as limited as their opportunities for them. Cultures in which that deny women s rights and lessen the degree of equality of their gender compared to men, often present reproductive options as a taboo to discuss. This can lead to misperceptions and ignorance about healthy reproductive choices such as birth control and prevention of disease which should be universally acknowledged by women. As expressed by Perez (2015) class notes, every culture defines and understands health differently...we tend to see the world through the prism of or expectations. This is true in the sense that more conservative Middle Eastern cultures may be taught to view health issues differently than most Americans would. Healthcare between cultures is significant to understand; Iran s healthcare market is continuing to expand and assists in the awareness of women s health. This paper will explore the comparisons and contrasts of the Iranian women s reproductive choices and how different aspects of health in the general population affect health in Iran and in theShow MoreRelatedAbortion : The United States1704 Words   |  7 Pagesfundamental right that is guaranteed by the US Constitution. Reproductive rights also give women a sense of empowerment, as they are in control of their bodies. Concluding with these, death and injury rates to women have decreased a significant amount as now abortions are easier to obtain and the procedures are far more safer. During the 1973, Roe V. Wade court case, abortion became one of the most controversial issues in the United States. Since this, it is declared a fundamental right protectedRead MoreMandated Coverage For Birth Control On Health Insurance Plans957 Words   |  4 PagesDebates are ongoing in the United States as more laws and restrictions are implemented on reproductive care. In 2014 there was a heated debate on whether there should be a mandated coverage for birth control on health insurance plans. According to a survey by the University of Michigan Health System, 69% of adults in the United States support this requirement in health insurance plans and the people who oppose this requirement is less than 10%. There have been other laws made by states recentlyRead MoreThe Handmaids Tale Essay1732 Words   |  7 PagesThe novel quot;The Handmaid#39;s Talequot; written by Margaret Atwood in 1985 is a fictional novel about Gilead, a place ruled by male religious fundamentalists who rape women labeled as handmaids to bear children for infertile wives. The society encourages the enslavement of women to control their reproductive rights. While Atwood’s novel depicts a fictional place, it describes a very real reality in modern day America. In America and other parts other world, women are constantly treated as inferiorRead MoreA Proposal For A Legalization Of Abortion1585 Words   |  7 Pages Executive Summary The purpose of this policy paper is to address the egregious violation of rights that Ireland has submitted it’s citizens to by outlawing abortion procedures. This proposal calls primarily for a decriminalization of abortion and for the government to examine the religiosity of both Ireland’s political administration and the cultural view of abortion. The 2013 Protection of Life During Pregnancy Act fails to protect the maternal health of woman and is failing due to the vaguenessRead MoreBreakdown The Global Issue Of Health904 Words   |  4 Pageschapter broadens the definition of healthcare to not only just fighting off diseases, but also takes the well being of human being into consideration. The major problems we encounter today in the world are in nutritional health, infectious diseases, reproductive health, and mental health issues. The chapter also breaks down each major problem and how it might have different effects based on the regions, and the role of educa tion in healthcare. We see throughout the chapter how problems affect the developedRead MoreThe Protestant Denomination Of The United States1656 Words   |  7 Pagesthe non- Christian. In the 1990’s; the court decided a similar case in favor of government in â€Å"Employment Division v. Smith,† over religious freedom. Traditionally, Constitutional provisions against breach of one’s right as a Christian have been adequately safe guarded since these beginning of our democracy. A controversial enactment followed, because congress believed that the court’s decision would grant an overreaching power to the government. The Religious Freedom Restoration Act (RFRA) for thatRead MoreSexual Revolution, By Beth Bailey1505 Words   |  7 PagesBailey, Beth. Sex in the Heartland. Cambridge, Massachusetts, and London, England: Harvard University Press, 1999. In the book Sex in the Heartland, the author Beth Bailey provides the reader with a distinct, detailed, and informative read of the impact in which the sexual revolution had on American culture during the 1960’s.This revolution took place in the town of Lawrence, Kansas, which Bailey refers to as the heartland of America. As Bailey states in her introduction, â€Å"Kansas is the quintessentialRead MoreAmericas Family Planning Programs1534 Words   |  7 Pagesis that families only provide economical benefits and development for the country. A decline in population means that the government can invest more â€Å"per capita in education and health, thus creating the human capital for sustained economic growth† (S. Sinding, 08). The Government â€Å"planned population numbers in the same way it planned the production of goods† (Anders, 2014), which resulted in physical and emotional turmoil for families across the world. Countries differ in conventional family criteriaRead MoreGender Inequality : A Is A Man s World1157 Words   |  5 Pagesargues, there is an undeniable truth is that this is a man’s world. Women are always one step behind men because society has not accepted the fact that women are just as capable. Women are generally disadvantaged or excluded regarding decision-making and access to economic and social resources. It is critical that we acknowledge that gender inequality exists and address the power imbalances, thus allowing access to opportunities, rights and obligations in all spheres of life to be no longer dependentRead MoreWomen s Rights Of Women1265 Words   |  6 Pagesstands in the way of women being equal to men? Journalist Carlin Flora suggests the following, â€Å"While not all claims to humanity are universal and no one context, culture or continent can truly represent all peoples, the following three examples from very different contexts, cultures and continents show that some violations of women’s human rights are universal. In particular, it is still the case the world over that a woman’s reproductive rights, which impact on her right to life, are still seen

Physiological Biometric Authentication Systems †MyAssignmenthelp

Question: Discuss about the Physiological Biometric Authentication Systems. Answer: Introduction: The user will utilize their card PIN to access their bank accounts on the ATM. It is expected that the PI is confidential on the system and also during the transaction in the communication channel (Tchernykh, Schwiegelsohn, Talbi Babenko, 2016). During transit between the server and the host ATM. For this case, the degree of importance of confidentiality goes to the extent which unsecure PIN used to perform transactions may lead to the account being compromised. For this reason, the PIN must be well encrypted in a secure transaction. The ATM user anticipates that the transaction he or she is performing goes well without any accidental changes. The degree of Integrity: The system must always be correct in all calculations on the money. All withdrawals must be deducted correctly without any mistakes. Therefore, the integrity of transactions must be kept since any transaction will directly affect the customer. The ATM must at all times regardless of any circumstance be available to every customer (Tchernykh et al., 2016). The degree of availability: The ATM being always operational and serviceable will improve the banks economic growth. The thief needs to enter a 4 digit pin. In a digit, he can only enter a maximum decimal of 10; that is entering either 0,1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8 or 9. Now, the maximum pins he is required to enter is equaled the number of decimals he can provide in each digit in every one of the four digits. For instance, if the four digit number is ABCD, the thief can only provide 10 possible decimals in every of the four digits. That is, 10 in A, B, C and in D. Finally, the total number of pins required will be: Utilizing biometrics can be daunting if you have more than one person to use the system. One person will be called every time to help in logging into the system. Second, biometrics can be very expensive since its market is still somehow fractured. One would have to purchase a fingerprint scanner, an iris scanner or a voice recognition framework as different products from different vendors (Alsaadi, 2015). People also understand that biometric data just like any other kind of data is stored on servers. If the servers are not well secured, they can be vulnerable to attacks. Accuracy It is true that biometrics can fail to validate the details of a person on many occasions. Many people would shy away from this and just implement password protection mechanisms. Biometric system vendors and developers need to come up with better strategies for utilizing biometrics. For instance, they should implement a biometric system that allows for the registration of several persons into a single system. This will aid in getting rid of the issue of calling out a single individual to do the authentication every other time. Vendors must now diversify into providing full-fledged biometric systems to clients. One vendor should be able to provide an iris scanner, fingerprint reader and a voice recognition system in order to reduce the costs. A False Positive Situation is when an unauthenticated user is accepted yet they supposed to be rejected. A false negative is when the authenticated user is rejected yet he or she should have been accepted (Morton, Bryson, Coughlin, Rowe, Ravichandran, Petigura Batalha, 2016). False negatives can be very disastrous when for instance, is a scenario where biometrics is utilized as the main method of authentication for getting into any asset premise. A false negative thus in this situation means that an individual who should be allowed to get into the will be denied entry. This, therefore, means that any asset maintenance will not be done as nobody will be authenticated by the system. Decrypting text using substitution is fairly easy. With this method, different shifts are user to hide the letter distribution. A provided shift is utilized in every letter of the text. Thereafter, a key word is repeated severally as required to achieve similar length (Khan Qazi, 2017). For this case, the key provided is 234. So for every letter in our cypher text, we shift according to the key 234. NTJ WKH XKA MKW WUJ JYZ TXM WKX ZKU HE 234 234 234 234 234 234 234 234 234 23 PWN YNL ZME OMA AXN LBD VAQ YNB BNY JH This is done by shifting the letters according to the 234 key. If the letter is N for instance, its plain text is shifted twice; that is through O and landing on P, thus making its plain text P. The same is repeated for other letters. With this, the final decrypted message therefore becomes: Works Cited Alsaadi, I. M. (2015). Physiological Biometric Authentication Systems, Advantages, Disadvantages And Future Development: A Review.International Journal Of Scientific Technology Research,4(8), 285-289. Khan, F. H., Qazi, F. (2017). Advance Procedure Of Encryption And Decryption Using Transposition And Substitution.JOURNAL OF INFORMATION COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES AND ROBOTICS APPLICATIONS (JICTRA).(Formally known as Journal of Computer Science of NICE). ISSN# 2226-3683,6(1), 43-56. Morton, T. D., Bryson, S. T., Coughlin, J. L., Rowe, J. F., Ravichandran, G., Petigura, E. A., ... Batalha, N. M. (2016). False positive probabilities for all Kepler objects of interest: 1284 newly validated planets and 428 likely false positives.The Astrophysical Journal,822(2), 86. Tareef, A., Al-Ani, A. (2015). A highly secure oblivious sparse coding-based watermarking system for ownership verification.Expert Systems with Applications,42(4), 2224-2233.

Thursday, April 23, 2020

Toxicological Issues at a Hazardous Waste Site

An Overview of the Report This report is about an industrial site that has been used for discarding wastes by two companies. The companies have been operating for a period close to sixty years. The site is situated on the upper side of a residential area and separated by an approximate distance of one mile.Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on Toxicological Issues at a Hazardous Waste Site specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Running through the site is a stream that serves the community in some ways. First, the stream is an income-generating source as it is a prominent fishing ground. There is an underground water withdrawal point at the site that is used to bring in water to the residents. The villagers pump water from the stream to their nearby farms for irrigation. There are however, few environmental negative aspects noted at the waste site. Approaching the site, a strong pungent smell from chemicals release d by the two companies hits the air. A critical evaluation of the site reveals that there one hundred drums that unfortunately are not marked. The drums are rusting and most of them have cracked. Further evaluation leads to the finding of various hazardous wastes that include PCBs, Chromium wastes, Acrylamide and Toluene Diisocynate (DTI). Thesis Statement This report was written after a visit to the site and it seeks to analyze the environmental conditions at the site, find the toxicants, their routes of exposure along with the mechanisms of toxicity. The report makes recommendations on the actions that should be taken to avert an epidemic and other toxicological effects that could be caused by toxicants. This is after an analysis of the exposure limits of the toxicants and the assessment of the risks at the site.Advertising Looking for research paper on ecology? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Analysis of the Wastes The haza rdous wastes found at site are industrial products discarded by the companies and by-products of the manufacturing processes. The wastes are a mixture of solids, gases, sludge, and liquids. The wastes are dangerous and harmful to the environment and human health. PCBs These are the Polychlorinated Biphenyl (PCB) wastes. They are compounds of hydrocarbons and are mainly synthetic (Deng, 1990). Their level of toxicity varies and widely ranges depending on their color i.e. whether they are yellow, black, waxy solids or if they are light-colored liquids. They are common in industries because they are the main components of insulators. Industrial products that contain PCBs include most electrical equipment such as capacitors, electromagnets, voltage regulators, transformers, and reclosers. Cable insulators and other materials that make thermal insulators such as foam, fiberglass, and felt also have PCB. The PCBs at the site are exposed to the environment during the manufacturing processe s. This is in addition to the poor mechanisms of dumping wastes used by the companies. The maintenance of the site is poor. This increases the exposure levels making the wastes more hazardous. Keen observation of the site also revealed that there were leaches streaming into the site. This could only mean that the companies have some of their waste storage tanks poorly maintained. PCBs do not rot. They create a cycle around the soil, air, and water for many years. They are carried as loads and moved to far of distances if found in water Just like other toxicants, PCBs have bioaccumulative effects. This is mainly in animals and crops used for human consumption.Advertising We will write a custom research paper sample on Toxicological Issues at a Hazardous Waste Site specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More At the site fish from the stream and the irrigated crops have huge amounts of the toxicant. The toxicological effects of PCBs are many a nd varied (Flora, 1987). A part from causing cancer, they impair the nervous system, endocrine system, and the reproductive system. Research by health practitioners confirms that PCBs have both carcinogenic and non-carcinogenic effects. The most common PCB mixture associated with cancer is bioaccumulative in fish. Residents therefore, feed on fish that is exposed to PCB. They are at a greater risk than the workers in the two companies are. Exposure to PCB cuts the power of the body to respond to environmental stimulants. It also decreases the power of the body to resist Epstein-Barr virus. PCB is likely to cut the size of thymus gland. From the reproductive front, they cut the weight of the offspring at birth, men can also experience low sperm count and a shorter gestation age in women. The manufacture of PCBs was however, banned in 1979 and the government does not allow any exposure limits. Chromium Waste The second hazardous waste discovered at the site was chromium waste. Chromiu m is a steel metal that is hard and gray in color. The industries using the site as a waste site have for more than sixty years used Chromium in the manufacture of Stainless steel and as a component of other alloys of metals because it does not rust even at high temperatures. The companies also use it in getting average paint pigments be it yellow, green, or even red (Gosselin, 1984). It is also used in the treatment of wood along with making chrome plates. In small amounts, the companies use it in catalysts, water treatment, making magnetic tapes and photographic chemicals. Chromium is useful to the human body as it strengthens insulin and eases the metabolism of glucose and other sugars.Advertising Looking for research paper on ecology? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More The companies release Hexavalent Chromium and other Chromium wastes to the site. The wastes have carcinogenic effects. The exposure of Chromium wastes to the environment usually contaminates the air. Combustion activities within the two companies led squarely to this. Elements of Chromium wastes react with dust particles from the environment to form very toxic substances with the potential to damage the health of residents. The leaches from waste storage tanks that are poorly maintained by the company directly mixes with water in the stream. The solids wastes are discarded improperly at the site and they contaminate stream water used for fishing and irrigation. The leaching waste contaminates drinking water in the area. Further exposure of Chromium waste to people near the site comes from the waste slag. This is inhaled as it comes by wind erosion. They also consume fish that is exposed and through skin contact with soils as they use the steam water during irrigation. The environmen t in this area and its vicinity provides the largest exposure source to Chromium wastes. This includes chemical effluents, airborne emissions, and asbestos linings. In general, it could be said that Chromium gets into the human body through consumption of fish, inhalation of emissions from the companies and skin absorption during irrigation. The regulations guiding Chromium by the government are meant to protect the public from its unpleasant effects. The government through the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) restricts to a maximum of eight hours exposure limits to five micrograms of Chromium per cubic meter of air. This cuts down the industrial risk to health impairment. The risks include developing asthma and damaging both the skin and nasal epithelia. The Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has regulated the amount of Chromium emissions into the air from 1990 to date. Acrylamide Acrylamide has carcinogenic effects and is a reproductive toxin. Its components are found in liquid form at the site and in the stream. It is highly toxic in this form as it can be inhaled; absorbed through the skin as residents work on their farms using contaminated water and consumed when the residents feed on fish. The companies use Acrylamide in the manufacture of plastic polymers in addition to synthesizing dyes and construction of tunnels that serve to dispose their by-products to the dumping site. The exposure of Acrylamide is largely through wastes as the companies’ use it in sieving industrial wastes to remove solids (Manahan, 1990). In the end, they discard it with water. Acrylamide has a vapour density of 2.5 and very soluble in water. It contaminates the stream interfering with the living environment for fish. This complements it’s almost colorless nature. Following the unprotected way it is disposed, its effects tend to be very adverse. Toluene Diisocynate From the analysis of the site, it is clear that the two companies emit TDI. It s toxicological effect is high, as it does not dissolve in water. The main route of exposure of Toluene is through inhalation. Small amounts of TDI cause irritation to the lungs and the respiratory tract. OSHA allows its exposure levels to a maximum of 0.02 ppm yet people close to factories can inhale as much as 2.1 ppm. This is one hundred times more than the exposure limits. Workers in the two companies are at the risk of contacting asphyxiation if their rooms are poorly ventilated. Children in the residential areas are at the receiving end of TDI too. The risks increase because of the economic activities in the area i.e. fishing and irrigation. Contact with the skin causes irritation and may result in inflammation of the mucous membrane. NIOSH IDLH puts the exposure limits of TDI to a scale of 2.5 ppm as an immediate danger to health and life (Toxic, 2000). Overall Risk Assessment An analysis of the above conditions clearly explains that the environment and the residents near the site are at risk. The toxicological effects of the available toxicants are bioaccumulative. The outbreak of other diseases is eminent and therefore the government ought to take the initiative to avert a looming health crisis. Men, women, and children may contact diseases some of which are contagious. Recommendation Based on the research conducted at the site, it is highly recommended that the government health departments put protective measures in place because the residents are exposed to various risks that can cause diseases now and in future. Other effects could mean that children exposed to the toxicants could develop complications in their late twenties. This report could as well form part of the preliminary research process by the department. It should move fast and work in collaboration with the two companies and the residents in addressing the hazardous effects of the wastes at the site. This should include taking proper care of the site by first undertaking a thorough cle aning exercise. This will make sure that fish from the stream is safe for human consumption. Water used for irrigation will also be safe for use, as the mixed chemicals will be removed. Examining the numerical relationship between the exposure levels and effects of the toxicants it is possible that villagers are exposed to too much toxins. The government should stop this, as the consequences could be unmanageable. A study should be conducted to show the extent to which the toxicants explained above have affected the environment with corrective measures put in place. References Deng, J (1990). Veterinary and Human Toxicology. New York: Oxford Press. Flora, D (1987). Circadian reduction of Chromium. New York: Oxford Press. Gosselin, R (1984). Clinical Toxicology of Commercial Products. New York: Williams Wilkins. Manahan, S (1990). Hazardous Waste Chemistry. New York: CRC-Press. Toxic, A. (2000). Toxicological profile for Chromium. New York: Government Press. This research paper on Toxicological Issues at a Hazardous Waste Site was written and submitted by user Brielle L. to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.